With herbal extracts: olive leaf, tea tree oil, cloves, Aloe Ferox bitters to fight and protect against germs in mouth and throat. Also herbs to help soothe, ease pain and help with bleeding gums: green tea, calendula, liquorice root, and rooibos. Contains xylitol: a natural sweetener that helps prevent bacterial infections, tooth decay, throat pain and infections, post-nasal drip (helpful with snoring.) Has become popular for preventing colds and flu, used as a gargle. Good for halitosis and gum infections.